MCAH Blog

Ear Infections

Tuesday, October 09, 2018 | Comments (0)

Ear infections are an issue that have to be some of the most irritating for both dogs and their owners!Ear infections tend to be painful and irritating to a dog’s ear, but their constant itching and scratching from the infection is the hallmark sign for owners who are kept up all night.Ear infections in dogs are relatively common, with a yeast infection being the most common type of infection.Yeast infections typically are caused by a type of fungus called Malassezia, which can be found normally in the ears and on the skin of a dog.When an ear becomes inflamed, it becomes a perfect environment for the yeast to begin to overpopulate, producing a dark, moist, greasy (and smelly!) discharge.The ear canal becomes inflamed, thickened, and red as a result.

Ear infections are a problem that does need to be rectified by a trip to the vet.While yeast is the most common type of ear infection, bacterial infections are also a possibility.An ear swab taken at the hospital and read under the microscope can determine if the infection is of yeast or bacterial origin, and an appropriate medication dispensed to treat the infection.

Ear infection medications come in a variety of types (drops, ointment, leave-in ointment, for example).The type of medication chosen is based off of what type of infection it is, if any medications have been used recently (that could lead to resistance), and what is the best choice is for each individual pet.Ear cleanings to remove the debris and source of infection also are an important part of treatment.

If you are concerned your pet may have an ear infection, please do not hesitate to give us a call.We want everyone in the house (human and animal alike) to be happy, healthy, and sleeping through the night with no shaking and scratching!

 


Rodenticide Toxicity

Monday, October 01, 2018 | Comments (0)

As the colder weather is (slowly!) approaching, more and more outside animals will attempt to join us inside to benefit from the warmth of our homes!It is not uncommon this time of year for exterminators to be seen regularly around the neighborhood, helping to prevent rodents from setting up shop in our basements.It is important to know what measures they are using to protect a basement, as many rodenticides also are toxic to our pets.

The two most common classes of rodenticides are warfarin or bromethalin based.Warfarin based rodenticides (such as TomCat) prevent the animal who ingested it from being able to clot their blood properly.After ingestion, a small bruise or bump can lead to internal bleeding which cannot be stopped without medical intervention.These animals require supplemental vitamin K for at least a month, and in severe cases, may require a plasma transfusion to stabilize the animal from  death.

Bromethalin is a newer and much more dangerous toxin.It affects the metabolism of the brain, effectively depriving it of oxygen.This can progress quickly to neurologic side effects or even death.Time is of the essence in these toxicities, as ideally patients are made to vomit to decrease as much absorption of the toxin as possible, and repeated doses of a substance called activated charcoal to prevent further absorption from the GI tract.

The majority of these products are colored (either green or aqua) to help identify them as poisons.If you are ever concerned that your pet may have ingested one (or an animal that may have eaten one!), please give us a call right away to discuss what necessary steps (if any) are needed!

Topical Flea/Tick Toxicity in Cats

Tuesday, March 20, 2018 | Comments (0)

Toxicity in dogs and cats frequently can be due to ingestion of a toxin, but also can be due to absorption through the skin.Topical toxicity is of concern in cats especially, as there are dog products that cannot be applied to cats.The principle among these types of products are topical flea/tick preventatives that are labeled for dogs and accidentally applied to cats.

There are multiple topical flea/tick products for dogs that contain pyrethrin/permethrin, such as Vectra or K9 Advantix.These ingredients are toxic when applied to cats.Cats inappropriately given a pyrethrin can develop muscle tremors, seizures, weakness, a stumbling walk, fever, and even death if not treated.

If a cat is accidentally exposed to a pyrethrin, the first step is to remove the product from the skin if possible.Bathing or using a washcloth with Dawn dishsoap helps decrease the contact with the skin and prevent further reabsorption.If the reaction progresses past twitching, then these cats need to be treated in-hospital to stop muscle tremoring, seizures, and monitor heart/respiratory rate.With supportive care, these cats typically improve within 72 hours.

It is always important to remember to pay attention to what products you are using on your dogs that your cat can access, or to not accidentally use your dog product on your cat!If you are concerned that your cat may have been exposed to a topical toxin, please give us a call right away.With the invention of oral flea/tick prevention for dogs, it helps greatly decrease the risk of an accidental exposure.Give us a call to discuss Bravecto or Nexgard for your dog’s flea/tick prevention needs, and protect your cat for an accidental toxin exposure at the same time!                                                                                                        

                                                  

Grape and Raisin Toxicity

Tuesday, March 13, 2018 | Comments (0)

 

March is pet poison prevention month, and it gets us here at Mt. Carmel thinking about all the various things our pets can get into that could be a problem for them!With dogs, food items tend to be the biggest inappropriate temptation that they can’t keep away from.Particularly for families with children in the house, grapes and raisins can prove to be a potentially serious issue for our canine companions.

Grapes and raisins are a tricky issue for ingestion, as we don’t know the “exact” amount that needs to be ingested that can be considered safe or not.Therefore, we have to treat any grape or raisin ingestion like a potential problem.Grape and raisin toxicity can prevent in a variety of ways, including vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and not wanting to eat.Without treatment for severe toxicity, ingestion also can lead to kidney failure and death.

With a known or possible ingestion, it is important to try to get your dog to vomit so as to not digest as many grapes/raisins as possible.Depending on the number ingested or how long it has been since they are eaten, dogs also may need a dose of activated charcoal, which helps prevent further absorption through the GI tract.For ingestions that occurred long enough before vomiting was initiated that all grapes or raisins were already digested, these dogs may need to stay in the hospital on IV fluids to help protect their kidneys from damage for 2-3 days.

If there is ever a possibility your dog may have eaten some, please give us a call right away for help!                                              

 

Signs of Dental Pain

Wednesday, January 24, 2018 | Comments (0)

 

Dental awareness months are back, and healthy teeth and gums are on the forefront of everyone’s minds! While the start of the new year is a popular time of year to think about dental disease, it is something that should be addressed year-round for our furry friends. Part of your pet’s annual physical wellness exam includes an oral evaluation by your veterinarian, but there are several things to look for throughout the year to indicate whether your pet’s teeth may be causing them an issue.

One of the hallmark signs of dental disease is halitosis, or bad breath. Odor in the mouth is a byproduct of the metabolic process of the bacteria in the mouth. When your pet has dental disease, there is more bacteria in the mouth, leading to an increase in smell.

Another sign of dental disease can be behavior changes. Animals with mouth discomfort sometimes will only chew on one side of the mouth, drop food when eating, stop grooming, or show discomfort when opening their mouth fully/yawning. Owners know their pets better than anyone else, so if any of these are seen, a veterinarian should take a peek in the mouth to see what may be going on.

Blood also can be indicative of dental disease in pets. Bleeding in the mouth typically is secondary to teeth issues, but can also be a sign of a tongue/lip ulcer or an oral mass. Blood droplets can be found in a food or water dish, on toys or in bedding. With substantial dental disease, blood can even come out when your pet sneezes!

Finally, one of the trickiest thing about dental disease is our pets may show no issues at all. Evolutionarily, it is a survival mechanism to continue to eat and not show signs of weakness or pain in the mouth. This means even if our pets are eating and drinking normally, there could be some serious issues going on!

An oral examination is part of a pet’s yearly physical check-up, but it is important to keep an eye out for dental issues year-round. Staying on top of dental health helps promote long-term health benefits, improving life for both you and your pet!


 

 

Tick prevention in Cats

Sunday, June 04, 2017 | Comments (0)

Tick diseases are very well known in the human world, and unfortunately are becoming an even more common threat in our daily lives. While we know that Lyme disease can infect people, it also can infect dogs. While we know the importance of preventing tick-borne disease in our canine friends, more and more research is indicating that we also should be doing our best to prevent ticks from attacking our feline friends as well!

There have been well over 800 species of ticks that have been identified worldwide; however, only a dozen are suspected to contribute to feline diseases. Fortunately for cats, they are highly resistant to the bacteria that causes Lyme disease and rarely show any clinical signs of infection. That being said, Lyme disease unfortunately is not the only disease that ticks carry. Ticks also carry (among others) hemobartonellosis, cytauxzoonosis, and tularemia.

Hemobartonellosis is caused by a bacterial parasite that invades a cat’s red blood cells and leads to a severe, life-threatening anemia. Clinical signs of anemia are pale gums, lethargy, inappetence and an increased respiratory rate. Cytauxzoonosis results from infection with a parasite that causes severe anemia, fever, lethargy, and breathing difficulties. Unfortunately, this disease is usually fatal. While tularemia is a relatively uncommon infection, it results in deadly fever, lymph node enlargement and abscess formation.

The more we learn about tick diseases in cats, the more important it becomes to keep our feline friends on a regular tick preventative to decrease their likelihood of coming into contact with a source of one of these diseases. Fortunately for the cat population, there have been multiple advances in the development of products to help keep them safe! Many owners are aware of Bravecto, the oral 3-month flea and tick preventative for dogs. They now make a topical 3-month flea and tick preventative for cats! Bravecto for cats is a one-spot topical application at the base of the skull that continues to work for 12 weeks to prevent infestation with fleas and ticks. Give us a call today to discuss your cat’s flea and tick needs!


International Turtle Day

Tuesday, May 23, 2017 | Comments (0)

As May 23rd is International Turtle Day, we thought it would be a good opportunity to do a blog about a different kind of four-legged pet! While not as common as dogs or cats, many people enjoy having tortoises as household pets, and they do have specific needs based on their unique structure and breeds.

Turtles and tortoises have specific dietary and environmental needs that need to be fulfilled by their owners. Without these, they tend to have health problems that can lead to diseases. Like other reptiles, tortoises need specific wavelengths of ultraviolet light. They need lights in the 290-320nm UV-B spectrum in order to properly utilize vitamin D and calcium. Even if ingesting appropriate amounts of calcium in their diet, they cannot convert calcium into healthy bone without UV-V light. Any tortoises kept indoors should have a light that include at least 5% UV-B in their spectrum.

Temperature regulation is another important aspect of their overall health. An ideal temperature for terrestrial turtles can range from 75-90*F. When arranging housing, either indoor or outdoor, there should be adequate space for an area of heat and an area of shade so that they can appropriately move around to regulate their own body temperature.

Clean water is necessary for land turtles for several reasons. Soaking in water stimulates most turtles and tortoises to urinate. There are many tortoises who won’t urinate until they have a water source to urinate in! However, as they tend to use their water soaks for elimination purposes, it is important to change the water out daily to ensure it is clean and not a source of infection.

Dietary control is an important factor when it comes to tortoise husbandry. It is important to know what species each tortoise is, to allow an appropriate diet to be determined. Omnivorous tortoises (red and yellow foot, for example) require both animal and plant materials for adequate nutrition. Leopard or Russian tortoises are grassland tortoises who enjoy grazing on dark leafy greens. Ensuring a diet based on each individual species is essential for their overall health.


As the temperatures heat up, so do our pets!

Saturday, May 20, 2017 | Comments (0)

As the weather warms up, we tend to spend more time on indoor activities enjoying the air conditioning and relief from the heat. Despite having various hair coats that have evolved to help maintain a normal body temperature, our furry companions also suffer in the heat! Despite their love of sunshine and chasing the ball in warm weather, dogs can suffer from hyperthermia and heat stroke if allowed to get too warm.

While both dogs and cats can suffer from heat stroke, it is much more common in dogs. Dogs with long hair coats tend to be predisposed to issues. Another predisposing factor is breed; our brachycephalic friends tend to have a much higher incidence of heat stroke than other breeds (ie, our squishy face friends such as bulldogs, pugs, etc.). Overweight dogs or dogs with an underlying heart/respiratory condition also are predisposed to having issues.

Heat stroke is a very dangerous condition for our canine companions. It affects multiple organ systems, and if left unfound or untreated can be fatal. Typically, these animals present with excessive panting, drooling, heart arrhythmias, or an inability to stand. Their body temperature is over 106*F, whereas a normal temperature in a dog should be approximately 101*F. Even with medical intervention and supportive care, enough internal damage can be caused by excessive heat exposure that treatment may not be successful.

As we approach summer temperatures, it is important to keep an eye on the thermometer for our doggy friends. They should have limited time outside in direct sunlight. When outside, they should have access to water and a shady spot to relax in. If they appear to be getting too warm, it is important to bring them inside to cool off, even if they are having too much fun outside to want to come in! And it is important to remember to not leave your dog in an enclosed car. If you are concerned with how your pet is acting in the heat, please give us a call at Mt. Carmel Animal Hospital right away!


Heartworm Disease--the mosquitoes are out!!

Tuesday, May 09, 2017 | Comments (0)

 

Mosquitoes are more than an itchy pest for us humans. While they are an annoyance to us, they pose a substantial health risk to our furry companions in the form of heartworm disease. Mosquitoes can transmit heartworm disease to our pets when they bite them. Heartworm disease, if left untreated, is a potentially fatal disease that can affect both dogs and cats, but is much more commonly found in our canine pets in our area.

Heartworms are a fairly large worm that can grow almost up to 14 inches long. These worms can live in the heart and pulmonary (lung) arteries of a dog. The presence of heartworms in a pulmonary artery can create a strong inflammatory response, leading to a tendency for the dog’s blood to form inappropriate clots. If there are enough adult worms present, the heart has to work twice as hard to pump blood past the worms to reach the rest of the body. The other side effect is that, with enough adult worms present, the amount of space left for blood in the heart is decreased, allowing less blood to reach the rest of the body.  While treatable if caught early, there is a MUCH better option for our pet companions!

Fortunately for pet owners, heartworm disease is 100% preventable. A once monthly oral preventative will protect a dog against infection from heartworms while mosquitoes are out and about. Here at Mt. Carmel Animal hospital, we carry a product called Interceptor. Interceptor is a once-a-month tablet that protects your dog against heartworms, as well as roundworms, hookworms, and whipworms (intestinal parasites they might come into contact with in the environment). Give us a call at Mt. Carmel Animal Hospital to discuss your dog’s heartworm prevention needs!

 

 


 

 

Poison Prevention Month

Wednesday, March 22, 2017 | Comments (0)

We do our best to keep our dogs and cats safe from potential toxins in our house, but the difficulty is just trying to keep track of the sheer number of things that they can get into!  There are numerous innocuous household products that are actually toxic to our furry friends, and they even differ across species.  While it would be impossible to list ALL the possible things that our pet companions can get into, we will try to include an abbreviated list of those that are most likely to cause a problem.

Not surprisingly, dogs have a tendency to get into human food products most often (much more so than their feline counterparts!).  One of the most well-known toxins to dogs is chocolate.  Chocolate contains methylxanthines, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea, panting, excessive thirst , hyperactivity, heart abnormalities, tremors, seizures and even death.  The amount of chocolate is a product is directly related to the percentage of cocoa in it (aka, white chocolate has the least, while baking chocolate has the most).  The good thing about chocolate is that if you know what your dog got into, we are able to calculate out whether or not the amount ingested has the potential to be a problem!

In addition to chocolate, dogs tend to love sugar-free gum products that are in a purse or backpack.  The issue with these products (such as Trident or Orbit) is that they contain a substance called xylitol.  Xylitol is toxic to dogs, and has immediate issues.  Xylitol causes a dog's blood sugar to drop to a critical level for 24 hours, and then after that can cause liver damage.  

Human medications can be an issue for either dogs or cats.  It is not advised to give any human over-the-counter anti-inflammatories to our dog or cat friends.  Tylenol is toxic to both dogs and cats, but with cats can causes a life-threatening hemolytic anemia very quickly.  Aleve can cause substantial kidney issues when given to dogs.  Please don't give any over-the-counter medications to your pets without checking with one of our doctors first to ensure it is safe!!

While dogs have a tendency to get into our human food, cats have a liking for chewing on houseplants.  While many are benign, it is important to inspect any bouquets for lilies if there are cats in the house.  Both the petals and the leaves of lilies can cause kidney failure in cats.

Finally, many household cleaning and air freshening products can be toxic to our furry friends.  Bleach is caustic to the inside of mouth if ingested, as well as the esophagus and intestinal system if swallowed in larger quantities.  Essential oil plug-ins or air fresheners can be very appealing to cats, but can cause gastrointestinal upset, central nervous system depression and even liver damage.  

If you are concerned that your pet got into something that it shouldn't, or are unsure if a product can be a potential issue, please give us a call to discuss it!  It is always better to be on the safe side and double-check!